The favorable geographical position of the city of Nur-Sultan creates favorable conditions for the development of the transport industry, which accounts for about 8% in the structure of the GRP.
The transport system of the city consists of 953 streets, with a total length of 1038.4 km of roads, including 779.5 km (75%) of asphalt concrete pavement and 258.9 km of roads (25%) without a hard surface.
Nur-Sultan is the leader among the regions of Kazakhstan in terms of the availability of housing, this figure was 29.0 m2 per person. The average national level is 20.8 m2 per person. Over the past three years, 4066.3 thousand sq. m of housing or 35,864 apartments, which is 17.5% of the national volume (23,300 thousand sq. m) and is the highest figure among the regions.
The structure of housing is dominated by private domestic developers, whose share was 80%.
It is represented by power sources of CHPP-1 (the share in the generation of electric energy is 4.3%, thermal energy is 27.2%) and CHPP-2 (95.7% of electric power and 72.8% of thermal energy), the total available capacity of which is 371 MW (93.3% of the installed amount) and 2,363 Gcal (86.3% of the installed amount).
In order to improve the reliability of electricity supply and heat supply, as well as to cover the deficit in heat and electric power, the modernization of the existing energy sources of CHPP-1 and CHPP-2, as well as the construction of CHPP-3 continues.
The total length of steam and heat networks increased by 2% from 590.1 km to 602.4 km. Due to the implementation of investment programs, the length of steam and heat networks requiring replacement has been reduced by 17.2% from 311.4 km to 257.8 km.
The power complex of the capital released 10,408.8 thousand Gcal of heat energy to consumers, including 2 716.4 thousand Gcal to the population, 2,104 thousand Gcal or 20.2% for utilities of enterprises, 790.8 for industrial needs of enterprises thousand Gcal or 7.6%, to other consumers - 4,797.7 thousand Gcal or 46%.
In terms of sectors of the economy in the structure of consumers of heat energy, social facilities account for 32.8%, trade enterprises - 23.6%, construction - 17.4%, manufacturing industry - 10.2%, services - 10%, utilities - 6%.
The volume of electric power generated by the Energy complex. of the capital increased by 5.8% from 2,410 million kW/h to 2,550.4 million kW/h, including energy supplied to the population increased by 19.6% from 724.2 to 866.5 million kW/hour. Thus, the share of the population’s needs in the total amount of generated electricity increased from 30% to 34%.
The main source of water supply in the city of Nur-Sultan is the Nur-Sultan reservoir with a volume of 291.9 million m3, which is 60.6% of the design volume (410.9 million m3). Water is supplied by a water intake with a capacity of 210 thousand m3 / day.
The total length of water supply networks increased by 29.7% from 934.6 km to 1212 km, including water lines - by 27.3% from 247 km to 314.4 km, and street networks - by 22.4% from 385.6 km to 472.1 km, intra-quarter networks - by 41% from 302 km to 425.6 km.
The implementation of energy saving measures is currently one of the main tools for the modernization of industry, housing and utilities and the transport sector. Successful implementation of measures for energy saving and energy efficiency provides energy and environmental safety, as well as improving the competitiveness of the economy of Nur-Sultan.
With the growth of the regional economy, the consumption of energy resources usually grows at the same pace as the GRP, since economic growth is accompanied by an increase in production and consumption of resources.